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Sarcoidosis workup

Sarcoidosis is the result of noncaseating granuloma formation due to ongoing inflammation that causes the accumulation of activated T cells and macrophages, which then secrete cytokines and tumor.. Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in any organ, most commonly the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes. A diagnosis of sarcoidosis should be suspected in any young or middle-aged adult presenting with unexplained cough, shor To identify the manifestations of sarcoidosis, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) is recommending four key lab tests to screen for renal sarcoidosis, abnormal calcium metabolism, hepatic sarcoidosis, and hematological abnormalities. Sarcoidosis often involves the lungs or chest lymph nodes, but otherwise has unpredictable clinical features Because sarcoidosis often involves the lungs, you may be referred to a lung specialist (pulmonologist) to manage your care. Taking a family member or friend along can help you remember something that you missed or forgot. What you can do Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment and know what to expect from your doctor Sarcoidosis is a condition in which groups of immune cells form small lumps called granulomas in multiple organs. Granulomas can develop anywhere in the body, but they commonly affect the lungs, skin, lymph nodes, and eyes. In many cases, granulomas go away on their own after 2 to 3 years

Because histopathological analysis of renal biopsy specimens can reveal various entities, a diagnostic workup is necessary in every patient with sarcoidosis. Summary: If systematically screened for renal manifestations are likely to occur in up to 25-30% of all sarcoidosis patients Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology that affects individuals worldwide and is characterized pathologically by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in involved organs. It typically affects young adults and initially presents with one or more of the following abnormalities: ● Bilateral hilar adenopath The diagnosis of sarcoidosis is not standardized, but based on three major criteria: a compatible clinical presentation, finding non-necrotizing granulomatous inflammation in one or more tissue samples, and the exclusion of alternative causes of granulomatous disease Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause affecting young and middle-aged adults. Patients commonly present with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, pulmonary infiltrates, and.. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease characterized by the formation of noncaseating granulomas. Lung and intrathoracic lymph nodes are classic sites of involvement; however, sarcoidosis can affect any site in the body

TNF inhibitors, which are also used to treat inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, may be given intravenously or injected under your skin for sarcoidosis. Corticotropin, a drug that helps your body produce its natural steroid hormones and can be injected under your skin Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects multiple systems

Diagnosis and Management of Sarcoidosis - American Family

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder that can affect practically any organ of the body. The hallmark of sarcoidosis is the presence of noncaseating granuloma, a cluster of macrophages, epithelioid cells, mononuclear cells, and CD4 + T cells with a few CD8 + T cells in the peripheral zone.1, 2 The etiology of sarcoidosis is not known with certainty despite decades-long effort Overview Sarcoidosis is a disease characterized by the growth of tiny collections of inflammatory cells (granulomas) in any part of your body — most commonly the lungs and lymph nodes. But it can also affect the eyes, skin, heart and other organs Diagnosis Sarcoidosis is a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning that doctors will oftentimes have to rule out other possible diseases before confirming that your symptoms are caused by sarcoidosis. There is no objective test which can easily diagnose sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis. 2012 Mar. 29(1):62-8. . Uzawa A, Kojima S, Yonezu T, Kanesaka T. Truncal polyradiculopathy due to sarcoidosis. J Neurol Sci. 2009 Jun 15. 281(1-2):108-9. . Jain V, Deshmukh A, Gollomp S. Bilateral facial paralysis: case presentation and discussion of differential diagnosis Gallium-67 scintigraphy usually shows high uptake in active sarcoidosis and is useful for assessing disease activity and response to treatment, although as it is a non-specific marker of inflammation, it is non-specific. It has a role also in detecting extrathoracic involvement (see sarcoidosis) 3

Diagnosis - Sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis is diagnosed based on your symptoms, a physical exam and imaging tests or a biopsy. Before diagnosing you with sarcoidosis, your doctor will rule out other possible conditions. Stages of sarcoidosis. Doctors use stages to describe sarcoidosis of the lung or lymph nodes of the chest Sarcoidosis is usually treated with prolonged high-dose oral corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone 1 mg/kg/day for 6-12 months). Oral steroids and steroid-sparing immunosuppressive agents are also typically prescribed when systemic inflammatory processes involve the nervous system

INTRODUCTION The clinical presentation of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) ranges from an incidentally discovered condition to heart failure (HF), brady- and tachyarrhythmias, and sudden death. The diagnosis of CS is difficult to establish, and as a result, CS is often underrecognized in clinical practice [ 1 ] Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects one or more organs but most commonly affects the lungs and lymph glands. As a result of the inflammation, abnormal lumps or nodules (called granulomas) form in one or more organs of the body. These granulomas may change the normal structure and possibly the function of the affected organ (s) Laboratory tests may support the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, but a biopsy is the gold standard. Additional tests can help determine the severity of the disease, possible complications, and prognosis. Chest x-ray. Best initial test; Sarcoidosis is frequently an incidental finding detected on chest x-ray Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease. This means there are scattered collections of mixed inflammatory cells ( granulomas) affecting many different parts of the body. Characteristically these are non- caseating epithelioid granulomas (a pathological description distinguishing sarcoidal granulomas from the caseating or cheese-like. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sarcoidosis (also known as Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease) is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomata. The disease usually begins in the lungs, skin, or lymph nodes. Less commonly affected are the eyes, liver, heart, and brain

What is sarcoidosis? Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease in which granulomas, or clumps of inflammatory cells, form in various organs. This causes organ inflammation Sarcoidosis and your skin: Diagnosis and treatment Advertisement. Advertisement. Sarcoidosis and your skin: Diagnosis and treatment. Overview Symptoms Causes Treatment Self-care. When sarcoidosis develops on the skin, it's often an early sign of the disease. As such, a dermatologist is often the first doctor to notice signs of sarcoidosis Workup Sarcoidosis. Because the hormone supplements sarcoidosis is an autoimmune disease some women have this infections. In recent years have been diagnosed with skin sarcoidosis and even the thyroidism is an underactive thyroid disease contact emergency department workup sarcoidosis who spent keeping your metabolism working if there is an. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis is not standardized, but based on three major criteria: a compatible clinical presentation, finding non-necrotizing granulomatous inflammation in one or more tissue samples, and the exclusion of alternative causes of granulomatous disease. In this new clinical practice guideline, an expert panel conducted systematic.

The differential diagnosis of sarcoidosis is typically categorized into granulomatous disorders of infectious and noninfectious causes (Table 3 provides representative examples of each). An alternative schema classifies these diagnoses according to the affected organ system(s) ( Table 4 ) Sarcoidosis is a rare disease caused by inflammation. It usually occurs in the lungs and lymph nodes, but it can occur in almost any organ. Sarcoidosis in the lungs is called pulmonary sarcoidosis. It causes small lumps of inflammatory cells in the lungs. These lumps are called granulomas and can affect how the lungs work The criteria to establish the diagnosis of sarcoidosis included 1) histological evidence of non-caseating granuloma in the samples obtained by bronchoscopic biopsy, surgical biopsy or transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy, 2) compatible clinical and imaging evidence and 3) negative bacterial and fungal studies for sputum, bronchoalveolar.

Differential Diagnosis of Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disorder resulting in noncaseating granulomas in one or more organs and tissues; etiology is unknown. The lungs and lymphatic system are most often affected, but sarcoidosis may affect any organ. Pulmonary symptoms range from none to cough, exertional dyspnea and, rarely, lung. Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that tends to strike young adults in the prime of life. It commonly affects the lungs but can attack other organs in the body

Sarcoidosis (sar-coy-DOE-sis) is a disease in which inflammation produces tiny lumps of cells in organs throughout the body. The lumps, called granulomas, most often appear in the lungs, but they also can occur in the lymph nodes, eyes, skin or other areas of the body Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the formation of inflammatory non-caseating granulomas within affected tissues. Histologically, the lesions characteristically demonstrate an absence of a necrotic component, except in rare cases (so-called necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis) During the biopsy analysis, a specific diagnosis was established in 58% of the cases: most commonly sarcoidosis (27%) and mycobacterial infection (25%) were detected. Mycobacterial infection was proved in 18% outside the USA versus 8% in the USA; on the contrary, fungal infection amounted to 19% in the USA (most often histoplasmosis) versus 4%. Diagnosis of Sarcoidosis. Overview. Diagnosing sarcoidosis can be challenging because symptoms vary greatly. Early symptoms are shared with a number of conditions, and a diagnostic test that can specifically distinguish sarcoidosis from others does not exist yet. For these reasons, several tests are needed to help the physicians exclude other. The frequency of renal involvement seems to be underestimated, but renal sarcoidosis represents a relevant group of organ manifestations and significantly adds to the patient's morbidity. Because histopathological analysis of renal biopsy specimens can reveal various entities, a diagnostic workup is necessary in every patient with sarcoidosis

PET/CT in the Diagnosis and Workup of Sarcoidosis: Focus on Atypical Manifestations Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease characterized by the formation of noncaseating granulomas. Lung and intrathoracic lymph nodes are classic sites of involvement; however, sarcoidosis can affect any site in the body Imaging has a prominent role in the assessment of sarcoidosis diagnosis and outcome, which are extremely variable. Chest radiography staging helps predict the probability of spontaneous remission, and stage IV is associated with higher mortality. However, the reproducibility of reading is poor and changes in radiography and lung function are inconsistently correlated, which may be problematic. Sarcoidosis is a diagnosis of exclusion and requires both a consistent clinical presentation and histologic confirmation of granulomatous inflammation. Overview of pulmonary function tests. Pulmonary function testing is an essential tool for the pulmonologist. Insight into underlying pulmonary pathophysiology can be obtained from comparison to. Common symptoms of sarcoidosis such as cough and shortness of breath can mimic those of other diseases, but also can include skin rashes, joint pain and eye irritation. The exact cause of sarcoidosis is unknown, although there are some factors that increase risk

Diagnosis and Management of Sarcoidosi

Key Tests for Sarcoidosis Diagnosis and Management AACC

Sarcoidosis (sar-coy-doe-sis) is a potentially life-threatening disease with no known cause or cure. The duration of this disease varies and can last from only a few short months to several years. Often times, sarcoidosis is self-limiting needing no medicinal treatment Differential Diagnosis. The following must be ruled out in every case. Infection Fungi Stain and culture; Usually more associated inflammatio Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory granulomatous disease that can affect any organ. Systemic sarcoidosis is known to affect young adults, with a second peak in women >50 years of age, as demonstrated in Scandinavian and Japanese studies. 1 - 4 In the US, the lifetime risk of sarcoidosis is 2.4% for black people and 0.85% for white people. 1 The incidence of cardiac involvement has been. Information About COVID-19 for Sarcoidosis Patients. COVID-19, short for coronavirus disease 2019, is an infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a newly identified and highly contagious pathogen not previously seen in humans. Though it belongs to the same category of viruses as SARS and influenza.

Social Security and Disability Benefits with Sarcoidosis. How to Qualify for Social Security Disability Benefits with Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a relatively rare disorder, but the symptoms can make it very difficult for the people who have it to continue working Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease and the diagnosis usually requires the demonstration of typical lesions in more than one organ system . Although sarcoid-related granulomatous interstitial nephritis is often accompanied by systemic manifestations, isolated renal sarcoidosis is an accepted entity [ 6 , 7 ]

SUMMARY. Because sarcoidosis is a diagnosis of exclusion, when the lacrimal gland is the only involved organ, one must rule out infection (tuberculosis, atypical mycobacteria, syphilis, fungal), neoplasm, and other known inflammatory disorders (ANCA associated inflammation, lupus) Causes . Sarcoidosis is a disease that may affect many different organs of the body but mostly affects the lungs. The disease usually occurs in adults ages 20 to 40 years of age.   Some people may develop uveitis as a complication of sarcoidosis. Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea or blood-rich membranes in the eye Sarcoidosis is a rare condition that causes small patches of red and swollen tissue, called granulomas, to develop in the organs of the body. It usually affects the lungs and skin. The symptoms of sarcoidosis depend on which organs are affected, but typically include: tender, red bumps on the skin. shortness of breath

Infectious Granulomatosis. Tuberculosis remains the main differential diagnosis of sarcoidosis 26 but some biological and histological elements can help to distinguish one from the other. Interferon-γ release assays (IGRA) have the same sensitivity as in the general population and are not affected by sarcoidosis activity as opposed to classic tuberculin skin testing (i.e., anergy). 27. Ocular Sarcoidosis: A systems-based approach to diagnosis and treatment . Nandini Gandhi, MD, Thomas A. Oetting, MD, and Patricia A. Kirby, MD. November 5, 2007 . This patient was seen in the Comprehensive Ophthalmology Clinic at the University of Iowa ### Learning objectives Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease characterised histologically by the formation of non-caseating granuloma in multiple organs.1 The cause of the disease remains unknown. It is hypothesised that exposure to an antigen in patients with a genetic predisposition results in an exaggerated immune response leading to granuloma formation Sarcoidosis will remain a diagnostic challenge in the 21st century by virtue of its protean manifestations and presentations. The difficulties in ascertaining a correct diagnosis have posed a clinical conundrum for clinicians since the ailment was called Mortimer's malady by Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson in 19th-century England

Sarcoidosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

  1. Sarcoidosis is nicknamed the 'snowflake' disease because it is so unique. Not only is sarcoidosis a rare disease (just about 200,000 Americans have it), but each patient will have unique manifestations that wax and wane throughout their disease course. Sarcoidosis is a moving target for people who live with this diagnosis
  2. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), though rarely considered as a primary endpoint in clinical trials, may be the single outcome reflective of patient priorities when living with a health condition. HRQoL is a multi-dimensional concept that reflects the degree to which a health condition interferes with participation in and fulfillment of important life areas
  3. Herbort CP, Rao NA, Mochizuki M. International criteria for the diagnosis of ocular sarcoidosis: results of the first International Workshop On Ocular Sarcoidosis (IWOS). Ocul Immunol Inflamm.
  4. ation of the patient, questioning him for complaints, palpation of the lymph nodes. Given the rare nature of the disease, sarcoidosis is diagnosed after other pathologies with similar clinical manifestations have been excluded. Methods for diagnosing sarcoidosis include
  5. To find ways of improving diagnosis, Pedrotty is working with electrophysiology colleagues at Vanderbilt to better understand what local inflammatory markers may be found in the hearts of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. Cardiac Sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect any organ
  6. Of the consecutive 94 patients who underwent FDG‐PET/CT because of suspicion of cardiac sarcoidosis, 34 were given a definitive diagnosis based on the updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CS from the JCS. 1 Of the 34 patients with cardiac sarcoidosis, 27 had systemic sarcoidosis with cardiac involvement, and 7 had clinical.
  7. Because sarcoidosis can escape diagnosis or be mistaken for several other diseases, we can only guess at how many people are affected. The best estimate today is that about 10 in 100,000 white people in the United States have sarcoidosis. Among black people, it occurs more frequently, in probably 35 out of 100,000 people

Diagnosis of sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis can usually be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms, x-ray results and blood tests, although it is sometimes difficult to diagnose. It is important to differentiate sarcoidosis from other conditions that can enlarge the lymph glands and cause shadows on chest x-rays The Foundation for Sarcoidosis Research (FSR), the leading international nonprofit organization dedicated to finding a cure for sarcoidosis and improving care for sarcoidosis patients, is proud to.

The purpose of this review is to provide an update on cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) and to discuss the current recommendations and progress in diagnosis and management of this disease. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Cardiac involvement is seen in at least 25% and is associated with poor prognosis Neurosarcoidosis (sometimes shortened to neurosarcoid) refers to a type of sarcoidosis, a condition of unknown cause featuring granulomas in various tissues, in this type involving the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Neurosarcoidosis can have many manifestations, but abnormalities of the cranial nerves (a group of twelve nerves supplying the head and neck area) are the most common

Sarcoidosis Lab Tests Onlin

Ninja Nerds,In this lecture, Zach Murphy, PA-C will be educating you on Sarcoidosis. During this lecture we will be including concepts related to the pathoph.. About Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a rare inflammatory disease characterized by the formation of granulomas—tiny clumps of inflammatory cells—in one or more organs of the body The diagnosis of sarcoidosis is based on 3 major criteria: a compatible clinical presentation, the finding of non-necrotizing granulomatous inflammation in 1 or more tissue samples, and the exclusion of alternative causes of granulomatous disease.. Lymph Node Sampling. In patients for whom there is high clinical suspicion for sarcoidosis, lymph nodes should not be sampled, while for patients.

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease with heterogenous clinical manifestations. Here we review the diagnosis of sarcoidosis and propose a clinically feasible diagnostic work-up and monitoring protocol. As sarcoidosis is a systemic disease, a multidisciplinary approach is recommended for best outcomes. However, since the lungs are frequently involved, the pulmonologist is often the. Diagnosis and Detection of Sarcoidosis: An Official ATS Clinical Practice Guideline Implementation Tools Crouser ED, Maier LA, Wilson KC, Bonham CA, Morgenthau AS, Patterson KC, et al. Diagnosis and detection of sarcoidosis. an official ATS clinical practice guideline The differential diagnosis of sarcoid granulomas varies according to the sites of biopsy, such as lymph node, skin, liver, bone marrow, and spleen . Tumor-related sarcoid reactions . Regional lymph nodes of carcinomas show noncaseating epithelioid cell granulomas (sarcoid reactions) with an average frequency of 4.4% ( 167 , 168 ) Sarcoidosis affects people of all racial and ethnic groups and occurs at any age, although usually before the age of 50 years. The incidence of sarcoidosis varies widely throughout the world, proba..

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Cardiac involvement may occur, leading to an adverse outcome. Although early treatment to improve morbidity and mortality is desirable, sensitive and accurate detection of cardiac sarcoidosis remains a challenge. Accordingly, interest in the use of advanced imaging such as cardiac MR and PET with 18F-FDG is increasing in. This British Thoracic Society (BTS) Clinical Statement addresses the diagnosis, evaluation and management of pulmonary sarcoidosis, with each section summarised with key clinical practice points. In an era in which medical practice is increasingly determined by evidence-based guidelines, it must be acknowledged from the outset that current evidence in sarcoidosis, especially with regard to.

Renal sarcoidosis: approach to diagnosis and managemen

Sarcoidosis, formerly called Boeck sarcoid, is a noncontagious multisystem disorder characterized by epithelioid granular tumors (granulomas) that most frequently affect the lung; more than 90% of cases involve lung or intrathoracic lymph nodes.Pulmonary sarcoidosis is usually a chronic disorder associated with an intense cellular immune response in the alveolar structures of the lungs Sarcoid reaction is considered as a diagnosis of exclusion by the detection of noncaseating granulomas in a patient with a history of malignancy, and who has not fulfilled the criteria for idiopathic sarcoidosis. 21 However, because of the various temporal relationships of the appearance of sarcoid reaction with the time of diagnosis of a.

The American Thoracic Society has developed its first official clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and detection of sarcoidosis. Included in the guideline are 14 recommendations and 1 best practice statement on lymph node sampling, screening for extrapulmonary disease, and diagnostic evaluation of suspected extrapulmonary disease Sarcoidosis is a condition that causes inflammation. It can occur in multiple organs, but it most often involves the lungs and lymph nodes. Doctors don't know exactly what causes the condition, but they believe it may arise from the immune system's response to environmental triggers Sarcoidosis is the growth and accumulation of inflammatory-type cells in different parts of the body, most notably the lymph nodes, lungs, eyes and skin. The cells eventually form abnormal lumps or nodules (granulomas), which can change the structure and function of the tissue affected Sarcoidosis granulomas are described as solitary, yellow millet-seed nodules. Anterior uveitis occurs in 22%-70% of patients with ocular sarcoidosis, and is usually granulomatous and chronic. Iris nodules have been reported in up to 12.5% of patients with sarcoidosis associated uveitis. Exacerbations of granulomatous uveitis are ofte To the Editors: Lymphocyte activation in sarcoidosis and the involvement of the reticuloendothelial system (liver, spleen, lymph nodes) make differential diagnosis between sarcoidosis and lymphoma a difficult task. In an earlier epidemiological study, an 11-fold increase in lymphoma cases among patients with sarcoidosis was observed; however, the methodology of this study has been questioned 1.

Sarcoidosis With Orbital Tumor Outside the Lacrimal GlandCLASSIFICATION OF LEUKEMIA AND LYMPHOMA

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Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease with cutaneous lesions present in 20%-35% of patients.Given the wide variability of clinical manifestations, it is one of the great imitators, making it necessary to consider clinical, epidemiological, radiographic, laboratory, and histopathological criteria to make the diagnosis All of the cardiac patients experienced extracardiac organ involvement. The median follow-up time from diagnosis of sarcoidosis was 8.8 years (range, 0.4-37 years). Left ventricular function was measured in 62 of 73 (85%) patients prior to starting systemic treatment. The mean LVEF was 40%, with the LVEF < 40% in 30 patients, between 40% and 50.

First Official ATS Practice Guidelines for Sarcoidosis

The correct diagnosis proved to be acute sarcoidosis made 6 months after presentation, when a Kveim test proved positive 4 months after the intradermal injection. A 30‐yr‐old white police officer was admitted as an emergency case with a 1‐week history of sore throat, sweating attacks, intermittent skin rash and flitting polyarthralgia Diagnosis. Sarcoidosis of the liver will usually be picked up when testing for sarcoidosis in other parts of the body. Symptoms (listed above) will be recognised and investigated further using one or a combination of the tests below: Hepatic function test. This shows elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma glutamyl transpeotidase (GGT)

Sarcoidosis - American Family Physicia

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease, characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in various organs. It generally affected the lungs (in more than 90% of the cases), but can have a large variety of symptoms. Its causes are unknown. There are, however, some possible associations with the disease, among them being infectious agents (tuberculosis, other mycobacterial infections) and. Sarcoidosis is a disease in which immune cells form small lumps, called granulomas, in your organs. Experts believe that inflammation causes these granulomas to form. The inflammation could be triggered by an infection or exposure to certain substances in your environment. Sarcoidosis is most common in the lungs, skin, or lymph nodes The diagnosis of sarcoidosis can be difficult due to the variable presentation of patients and the varied location of the causative nodules. In most cases, diagnosis is made based on a.

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Diagnosis. In making a diagnosis of sarcoidosis, your doctor will begin by conducting a thorough physical examination, asking about any symptoms you are experiencing, including when they started and how they've progressed or eased over time. Your full medical history will also be recorded Cardiac sarcoidosis is a challenging clinical diagnosis, particularly in patients without extracardiac manifestations. This case highlights the importance of a detailed and thorough workup of non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy and being cognizant of infiltrative disease as it can change patient management and outcomes Making a diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis is often tricky. The most definitive test is a positive cardiac biopsy. However, not only is a biopsy an invasive procedure but also (because sarcoid granulomas are randomly distributed) a biopsy may come back as normal even when cardiac sarcoidosis is actually present Further workup also revealed low CD4, CD8 cell counts, elevated soluble interleukin-2 levels. Over the due course of time, she developed granulomatous pan-uveitis, classical skin lesions leading to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis The diagnosis of sarcoidosis is usually established on the basis of clinical and radiological findings supported by histological findings. More than 80% of patients with sarcoidosis have intrathoracic adenopathy at the time of presentation. When hilar adenopathy is present, this intrathoracic adenopathy is often easily recognised on a chest.