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Normal pressure hydrocephalus symptoms

What are the symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus? These are possible symptoms of NPH: Trouble walking (feels like the feet are stuck to the ground Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a condition that is caused by an abnormal build up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles (cavities or spaces) of the brain. Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear liquid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord, cushioning and protecting them from damage

Hydrocephalus can happen at any age, but it occurs more frequently among infants and adults 60 and over. Surgical treatment for hydrocephalus can restore and maintain normal cerebrospinal fluid levels in the brain. Many different therapies are often required to manage symptoms or functional impairments resulting from hydrocephalus Definition Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain's ventricles, or cavities. It occurs if the normal flow of CSF throughout the brain and spinal cord is blocked in some way. This causes the ventricles to enlarge, putting pressure on the brain

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Johns Hopkins Medicin

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a type of hydrocephalus that usually happens in older adults. The average age of a person with NPH is over age 60. NPH is different from other types of.. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a syndrome of gait dysfunction and enlarged cerebral ventricles in the absence of another cause. It is frequently accompanied by frontal and subcortical cognitive deficits and bladder detrusor overactivity The name for this condition, normal pressure hydrocephalus, originates from Dr. Salomon Hakim's 1964 paper describing certain cases of hydrocephalus in which a triad (a group of three) of neurologic symptoms occurred in the presence of 'normal' CSF pressure - gait disturbances (which is usually the first sign), dementia, and impaired bladder control Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus results from the gradual blockage of the CSF-draining pathways in the brain. The ventricles enlarge to handle the increased volume of CSF, thus compressing the brain from within and eventually damaging or destroying the brain tissue

Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the ventricles (cavities) deep within the brain. This excess fluid causes the ventricles to widen, putting pressure on the brain's tissues. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the clear, colorless fluid that protects and cushions the brain and spine. Normally, cerebrospinal fluid flows through the. Symptoms of a subdural hematoma include confusion, lethargy, difficulty with speech and headaches. Treatment can involve medication or surgery to drain the blood off the brain. Outcome varies depending on the success of the treatment.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) happens when too much fluid builds up in a person's brain without increasing pressure in their brain tissue. People who have NPH are usually aged over 60. A person who has NPH may have symptoms such as:| difficulty staying focused on one thing or switching between task What are the symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus? These are possible symptoms of NPH: Trouble walking (feels like the feet are stuck to the ground) Poor balance. Falling. Changes in the way you walk. Forgetfulness and confusion. Mood changes. Depression Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a type of hydrocephalus that occurs in adults, usually older adults. The average age of people with NPH is older than 60 years. NPH is different than other types of hydrocephalus in that it develops slowly over time. The drainage of CSF is blocked gradually, and the excess fluid builds up slowly

Normal-pressure hydrocephalus remains a controversial entity with often ambiguous imaging findings. It is classically characterized by the triad of gait apraxia/ataxia, urinary incontinence, and dementia, although not all patients with the condition have all three 31 Two patients with a psychiatric history of about 20 years, and clinical and neuroradiological signs of normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) are reported. One had a periodic psychosis subsequent to a tuberculous meningitis, and this overshadowed the slight classical symptoms of NPH. She had received a

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a type of dementia caused by a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain. This fluid buildup leads ventricles to enlarge and eventually damages surrounding brain tissue, leading to cognitive impairment and symptoms like loss of bladder control and difficulty walking Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), also known as idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH), is a condition characterised by the clinical features of hydrocephalus (i.e., levodopa-unresponsive gait apraxia with or without urinary incontinence or cognitive impairment), but without significantly elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure as measured by lumbar puncture Normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), also called malresorptive hydrocephalus, is form of communicating hydrocephalus in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) occurs in the ventricles, and with normal or slightly elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) - Cleveland Clini

Hydrocephalus - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Normal pressure hydrocephalus is often misdiagnosed. Neurosurgeon Michael Turner explains the effects of the disease normal pressure hydrocephalus. Symptoms of the disease, also known as NPH, include progressive mental impairment or dementia, problems with walking and a decrease in bladder control The form of hydrocephalus most common in older adults is normal pressure hydrocephalus, so named because even though there is an abnormal amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, the fluid pressure is normal when measured. NPH may be caused by an event or condition such as head trauma, a tumor, meningitis..

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is much rarer than Alzheimer's disease, affecting about 700,000 Americans compared to more than 5.5 million people with Alzheimer's. NPH also differs from Alzheimer's, and other dementias, because there is a surgical procedure that is successful in lessening symptoms, sometimes significantly WIN-Initiative / Neleman / Getty Images. Commonly referred to as water on the brain, normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a condition where extra spinal fluid gets trapped in the brain instead of traveling through the brain and to the spinal column. This extra fluid often causes a group of three symptoms (often referenced as the classical triad of symptoms) occurring together Gait instability, urinary incontinence, and dementia are the signs and symptoms typically found in patients who have normal pressure hydrocephalus. Estimated to cause no more than 5 percent of cases of dementia, normal pressure hydrocephalus often is treatable, and accurate recognition of the clinic Learn more about NPH, its symptoms, and how to treat and live with this chronic condition. About Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus; Types and Causes. Hydrocephalus is a complex, chronic condition that can develop for a variety of reasons, sometimes as part of another condition. Learn about the different types and causes of this condition Dick Wagner was diagnosed with normal pressure hydrocephalus and was treated at the Barrow Neurological Institute. Unfortunately, after being hospitalized in Scottsdale, Arizona for respiratory failure, he died on July 30th, 2014. Wagner had undergone a cardiac procedure just 14 days earlier

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Information Page National

  1. Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: Symptoms. Normal pressure hydrocephalus is rare, mostly affecting older adults. It can be tricky to diagnose because the symptoms are similar to those of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. In fact, NPH may account for five percent of dementia cases in the United States
  2. Hydrocephalus Causes. The three main causes of hydrocephalus are: A blockage.Tumors, cysts, birth defects, and other objects in the brain can block or affect the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid
  3. ant of NPH symptoms. Difficulty may be mild (slow, cautious gait) in the early stages and can progress to a marked gait problem (unsteady.
  4. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disease that most commonly occurs in older patients who may have a number of underlying chronic diseases that may cause gait difficulties, dementia and urinary incontinence. NPH is a brain disorder in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) builds up in the ventricles (fluid filled cavities in the brain)

Symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus. Signs and symptoms may take many months or years to develop. Changes in gait: The person may feel as if they are frozen on the spot when taking their. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a neurological disorder that causes dementia. Read about symptoms and treatment options Normal pressure hydrocephalus happens when the fluid-filled chambers in the brain, called ventricles, become enlarged, due to an accumulation of extra cerebrospinal fluid, and press on the brain, even though the fluid pressure within the chambers remains normal. To ease the symptoms being caused by normal pressure hydrocephalus, Bob underwent a.

What is normal pressure hydrocephalus? Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), also known as idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH), is a condition characterized by the clinical features of hydrocephalus without significantly elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure as measured by lumbar puncture Normal pressure hydrocephalus develops in older patients and is the result of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) build up in structures called ventricles in the brain. In an unaffected brain, the fluid in the ventricles circulates and drains within the nervous system, bathing and cushioning the brain and spinal cord

Normal pressure hydrocephalus | Image | Radiopaedia

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a condition with an abnormally high amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain's ventricles (cavities). NPH is rare, occurring in 1 of 100,000 people. People of any age can have it, but it occurs most often in elderly people Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) This form of the condition usually begins slowly and is more common in adults over the age of 60. One of the earliest signs is falling suddenly without losing.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus, or NPH, can occur in adults of any age but it is most common in the elderly. The condition is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain's cavities. It is caused by a blockage that prevents this fluid from draining from the brain Although normal pressure hydrocephalus is reversible, its symptoms will become worse when it is left untreated. It is advisable to get an early diagnosis and prompt treatment because this may increase the chances of good results. Currently, no other medical treatment or drug has been known to help reverse normal pressure hydrocephalus Normal pressure hydrocephalus can be difficult to diagnose, since not all of the symptoms may arise at the same time. Furthermore, these symptoms are often associated with other conditions that are common in an aging population (such as Parkinson's disease, osteoarthritis, and Alzheimer's disease) Parkinsonian symptomatology exists in addition to the classical triad of gait, cognitive, and urinary symptoms in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) [1,2,3,4], and may complicate the diagnostic considerations [5, 6].Radiology of the brain is essential to diagnose NPH [], with typical findings of dilated ventricles without any macroscopic obstruction to cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) flow, often. CONCLUSION: Arachnoid cysts of the fourth ventricle are exceedingly rare, but it is important to recognize them because they cause normal pressure hydrocephalus symptoms and cerebellar or brainstem deficit. We propose detailed neurologic and radiologic examinations of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus symptoms to avoid unnecessary shunt

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus - WebM

Normal pressure hydrocephalus is when fluid fills and pressurizes the hollow ventricles in the brain in older adults. The condition can cause symptoms similar to Alzheimers and Parkinson disease. Learn how normal pressure hydrocephalus can be treated Normal pressure hydrocephalus can be a result of head trauma, an infection or complications of surgery. People also can develop normal pressure hydrocephalus for no obvious reason, and that was the case for Dorothy. Although it can happen at any age, hydrocephalus occurs more frequently among infants and adults 60 and older. Achieving relie Normal pressure hydrocephalus can be difficult to diagnose, since not all of the symptoms may arise at the same time. Furthermore, these symptoms are often associated with other conditions that are common in an ageing population (such as Parkinson's disease, osteoarthritis, and Alzheimer's disease)

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus - YouTube

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: Diagnosis and Treatmen

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a neurologic condition that is considered vastly underdiagnosed, as it typically induces symptoms similar to those seen in other forms of dementia. Some key symptoms associated with NPH also exist in other neurologic diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and vascular dementia Normal pressure hydrocephalus may begin with a transient high-pressure hydrocephalus with subsequent ventricular enlargement. With further enlargement of the ventricles, CSF pressure returns to normal; thus the term NPH, at least in view of the initial pathophysiologic events, is a misnomer

This is a patient with Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) caused by excess fluid in the center of the brain before undergoing a surgical procedure to shunt. Normal pressure hydrocephalus. NPH (normal pressure hydrocephalus) is an excessive build-up of fluid in the head.. What are the symptoms? The three main symptoms are mobility problems, some degree of forgetfulness / confusion (dementia) and sometimes urinary incontinence Hydrocephalus can be divided into normal pressure, ex-vacuo, communicating, and non-communicating hydrocephalus. The diagnosis of hydrocephalus can be made via physical examination and confirmed through medical imaging. Treatment usually involves the placement of a shunt through surgery Symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus Normal pressure hydrocephalus fatal End-stage normal pressure hydrocephalus Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor. All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice.. Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Normal pressure hydrocephalus is an adult onset form of hydrocephalus. It develops slowly over time and therefore differs from other types of hydrocephalus. This means that the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is gradually blocked, and the fluid buildup occurs slowly. It also means that symptoms often develop.

The classic symptoms (gait disturbance, urinary incontinence, and dementia), even combined, are nonspecific for normal-pressure hydrocephalus, particularly in older people. For example, some forms of vascular dementia can cause dementia, gait disturbance, and, less commonly, urinary incontinence NPH (Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus) NPH is a form of hydrocephalus that generally affects older adults. As with other forms of hydrocephalus where too much CSF accumulates in the brain, serious damage and our ability to move, think and function normally can be significantly impacted The symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus, which can vary in severity, include difficulty with cognitive processing such as memory, problem-solving, reasoning and speaking as well as the loss of control of legs and bladder function Background/Aims: We developed an idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus grading scale (iNPHGS) to classify a triad of disorders (cognitive impairment, gait disturbance and urinary disturbance) of iNPH with a wide range of severity. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this scale in 38 patients with iNPH

Review of the Treatment & Management of HydrocephalusManagement of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus - American

ity in normal pressure hydrocephalus occurs secondary to an abnormality in fluid removal, leading to an increase in ventricular size and encroachment of enlarged ventricles on adjacent brain tissue Normal-pressure hydrocephalus, which affects middle-aged and older persons, is characterized by dilated ventricles but normal pressure within the spinal column (lumbar pressure). Other symptoms of normal-pressure hydrocephalus include loss of memory and intellectual capacity (dementia), loss of muscle coordination (ataxia), and loss of.

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus Associatio

Recurrence of any of the initial hydrocephalus symptoms; Other treatments. Some people with hydrocephalus, particularly children, may need additional treatment, depending on the severity of long-term complications of hydrocephalus. A care team for children may include a: Pediatrician or physiatrist, who oversees the treatment plan and medical car Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) is a condition characterized by enlarged ventricles and a clinical triad of cognitive decline, urinary incontinence and ambulatory difficulties. Typically, the dementia is progressive and takes months or years to manifest. Patients with NPH typically have a magnetic gait disturbance, where the legs have. Symptoms of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) Impaired bladder control that ranges from frequent and urgent urination to complete loss of bladder control (urinary incontinence).; Gait disturbances that range from mild imbalance to the inability to stand or walk.; Mild dementia which is characterized by disorientation, confusion, apathy, loss of interest in daily activities, decreased. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), also known as idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH), is a condition characterized by the clinical features of hydrocephalus (i.e., levodopa-unresponsive gait apraxia with or without urinary incontinence or cognitive impairment), but without significantly elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure as measured by lumbar puncture

Although these symptoms are suggestive of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), 1,2 they are not specific to the diagnosis and commonly occur in neurodegenerative conditions or nonspecifically in advanced age. Ventriculomegaly, the radiologic hallmark of NPH, frequently accompanies both neurodegenerative disease and normal aging; in practice, it. Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) It's unusual for a woman in her late fifties to live in a nursing home, but that's where Susan, a former computer technician, found herself for about six months in 2012 after experiencing nearly seven years of seemingly unexplained memory problems, bladder problems, cognitive decline, and balance issues

A "Reversible Dementia": Diagnosis and Management of

Adult-onset Hydrocephalus - Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

A condition called normal pressure hydrocephalus may mimic dementia, early Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases in as many as half a million people over age 55 in the United States. The UCI Health neurosurgery team has the expertise and advanced technology to detect and treat NPH. For more information or to schedule a consultation, call 714-456-6966 or 855-557-1531 According to the Alzheimer's Association, normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a brain disorder in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the brain's ventricle, causing dementia and other symptoms. It is a fairly rare condition, affecting approximately 700,000 people in the United States, most of whom are over the age of 60 More. Five to 10 percent of Americans diagnosed with dementia could actually have a treatable condition known as normal pressure hydrocephalus or NPH, according to experts in the field. An. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a debilitating disorder characterized by a triad of gait disturbance, cognitive impairment, and urinary incontinence. 1,2 Patients correctly diagnosed with NPH who undergo ventricular shunt placement may have marked improvement of their symptoms. 1 Selection of patients who will undergo ventricular shunt may be challenging Normal pressure hydrocephalus is thought to be incurable, and I was told I would have to have a shunt in my brain for the rest of my life to drain the excess fluid. But before we go into how I cured myself, I'd like to talk about symptoms I had that I didn't know were early warning signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus Fact Sheet National Institute of

Abnormal Development - Congenital Hydrocephalus - Embryology

10 Causes of Potentially Reversible Dementia Symptom

Normal pressure hydrocephalus with high blood pressure and type 2 diabetic what sort of diet would help? 1 doctor answer • 1 doctor weighed in A 22-year-old male asked about a male Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a form of communicating hydrocephalus that can strike people at any age, but it is most common among the elderly. It may result from a subarachnoid hemorrhage , head trauma , infection, tumor or complications of surgery Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is a syndrome that is characterized by gait impairment, cognitive decline and urinary incontinence, and is associated with ventriculomegaly in the. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) usually affects people age 60 and over. An estimated 200,000 to 375,000 Americans suffer from NPH. NPH can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms may be confused with other disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. NPH is believed to cause up to 5 percent of all cases of dementia Normal pressure hydrocephalus can also develop in patients with a history of brain tumor, cerebral hemorrhage, brain infection or head trauma. Importantly, the symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus can be relieved by a simple surgical procedure. Our multidisciplinary team is specially trained to diagnose and treat normal pressure hydrocephalus

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) Alzheimer's Societ

Normal pressure hydrocephalus is also a misnomer. It describes a condition in older adults of low grade hydrocephalus with intermittently raised intracranial pressure (ICP) (usually at night) causing the classic Adam's triad of symptoms—gait apraxia, incontinence, dementia Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is an abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain's ventricles, or cavities. It occurs if the normal flow of CSF throughout the brain and spinal cord is blocked in some way. This causes the ventricles to enlarge, putting pressure on the brain

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Cedars-Sina

The diagnosis was normal pressure hydrocephalus, which is a debilitating disorder, but it can be treatable. In Ms. Connor's case, the characteristic presentation and early stage of her symptoms suggested that treatment might improve her walking, incontinence, and mental state Adult Hydrocephalus - February 2014. This chapter focuses on aspects of hydrocephalus that are common to all ages with a particular emphasis on the aging brain and the so called normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) syndrome, which is a chronic disease that likely evolved over a period of years

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) Treatment & Prognosi

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) refers to a condition of pathologically enlarged ventricular size with normal opening pressures on lumbar puncture. NPH is a form of communicating hydrocephalus and is distinguished from obstructive or noncommunicating hydrocephalus, in which there is a structural blockage of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between clinical symptoms, cerebrospinal fluid flow metrics, hydrocephalus index, small-vessel disease, and white matter (WM) changes in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) OFTEN MISDIAGNOSED as Parkinson disease or another neurologic disorder associated with aging, idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is most common in adults over age 60.1 Because early detection and treatment with ventricular shunting can reverse dementia and other complications of NPH in many patients, nurses need to recognize a telltale triad of clues: gait disturbance, cognitive. Both patients' idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus symptoms improved following shunt placement. Although CSF shunting is a relatively straightforward neurosurgical procedure, it is associated.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus Radiology Reference

Infection with tick borne Borrelia Burgdorferi (Lyme disease) can without treatment rarely develop into a chronic phase. Secondary Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (sNPH) based on chronic infection with Borrelia Burgdorferi (Bb) is an even rarer entity, that with the right treatment is potentially curable. A 67-year-old male with a slow onset of progressive balance problems, also presented. This problem of Normal pressure hydrocephalus can be diagnosed through following tests, which can provide assurance that the symptoms are due to Normal pressure hydrocephalus disease. Clinical Examination. This involves physical and neurological examination; Observe walking, attention, reaction time, memory, language, urinary urgency and. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in adults. The diagnosis may be challenging, requiring collaborative efforts between different specialists. According to the International Society for Hydrocephalus and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders, iNPH should be considered in the differential of any unexplained gait failure with insidious onset

Psychotic symptoms in normal-pressure hydrocephalu

Normal pressure hydrocephalus A topic in the Alzheimer's Association® series on understanding dementia. About dementia Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Dementia is not a single disease; it's the umbrella term for an individual's changes in memory, thinking or reasoning Shunt Placement to Treat Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Neuroscience While NPH cannot be cured, many people find relief through the surgical placement of a shunt, a thin tube that routes excess fluid from the brain to another area of the body Introduction. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) was established as a neurological syndrome in the preneuroimaging era based on a case series presented by Hakim and Adams. 1 As summarized recently by Saper, 2 NPH is characterized clinically by cognitive disturbances, a broad-based, shuffling gait impairment, and urinary incontinence, in the presence of a communicating hydrocephalus and a.

The symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) usually get worse over time if the condition is not treated, although some people may experience temporary improvement. While the success of treatment with shunts varies from person to person, some people recover almost completely after treatment and have a good quality of life In some instances of normal pressure hydrocephalus, dementia can be reversed by shunt placement. Other symptoms, such as headaches, may disappear almost immediately if the symptoms are related to elevated pressure. In general, the earlier hydrocephalus is diagnosed, the better the chance for successful treatment. The longer the symptoms have. Ontology: Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure (C0020258) A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a damaging and often misdiagnosed neurological disease, and this reference provides concise information to help understand the disease and how it's treated. The book explains the symptoms of NPH, how NPH develops, medical tests performed to diagnose the condition, treatment options, and care after surgery Symptoms of hydrocephalus. The most common symptoms of hydrocephalus are headache, nausea, vomiting and fits. For babies, hydrocephalus can also cause: increased head size. bulging or firm fontanelle, which is the soft spot on a baby's head. poor feeding. drowsiness or sleepiness. eye turning inwards. seizures State-of-the-art Treatments for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus at NSPC As mentioned above, NPH patients are generally older, and the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments for NPH are different than those for children with hydrocephalus